Significance:  Legendary Gothic hero who fought the Huns in the Vistula forests. Some modern Heathens believe Hāma and Norse Heimdallr to be one and the same character. He is mentioned briefly in Beowulf as having carried off Brosinga mene (ON: Brísingamen) to a ‘shining city’ .


Significance:    Legendary Langobardic king, who as an infant, washed mysteriously to shore in a boat.  His name translates to modern ‘sheaf’, connecting him to agriculture and the cultivation of wheat.


Significance:  The Earth-Mother and life-giver. Possibly connected to the earlier goddess, Nerthuz, referenced by Tacitus.


Significance:  Appears in the royal genealogies of Wessex. Possibly the tribal god of the Goths.


Significance:  Bede records her name in Latin as ‘Rheda’, which some scholars have connected to OE ‘hrēð’, meaning ‘glory’, ‘fame’ or ‘triumph’. Hrēð is a masculine noun, so it is doubtful it would have been used to name a female deity. It’s far more likely her name would have been related to ‘hrēðe’, which is an adjective meaning ‘fierce’, ‘cruel’ or ‘savage’, leading one to believe she may have been a goddess associated with ferocious, chaotic battle.  Her name remains to us in Bede’s *De temporum ratione* as one of the three periods in the year associated with a deity: *Hrēþmōnaþ*.


Significance:   Although Fosǣta does not appear in Anglo-Saxon lore proper, it seems he was a prominent god of the Frisians. There is significant evidence to suggest the Frisians were part of the greater Saxon tribal culture. It is unlikely that a god who was so important to the Frisians would have been unknown to their siblings in England. Fosǣta is a god associated with law, justice and reconciliation.

Bældæg/ Bealdor

Significance:   Listed as a son of Wōden in Anglo-Saxon genealogies. Probably the Saxon equivalent of Norse Baldr, god of purity and light, although it is not clear how developed his religious cult would have been at this time.


Significance:   A little documented figure, recognizable from Dorset folklore (See Hy. Colley March, Dorset Folklore, “Folklore”, Vol. 11, Issue 1, 1900) that is reportedly attested from Goscelin, William of Malmsbury, and Walter of Coventry, among other later authors.  Possibly a local folkloric hero, warrior, or god of victory, given the uncertain etymological lineage of the word (potentially from ‘hæleþ’).

Sunne and Mona

Significance:   Sunne and Mona are the Old English names given to the Sun and the Moon, and are attested in Bede’s calendar as Sunnandæg and Mōnandæg.  Though other Old English records are scant, in comparative Norse mythology they are cognate to Sunna and Mani.  ‘Sunna’ is thought to be a character in the Old High German Merseburg Incantation, which may have connections to the figure.  Sunne, in her wider Germanic appearance, is connected to the personification of the Sun as a deity in the greater Indo-European culture.  Mona/Mani is harder to establish a hypothesis due to the scant information recorded in Germanic mythology.  Given the Old English predisposition towards the veneration of natural sites, standing stones, and springs, it would not be unthinkable that they approached the Sun and Moon as a pair of deific entities.